The Problem of Evil in DC Universe Animated Movies, 2007–2016 DC Multiverse, an Ironic Illustration of Leibniz’s Theodicy?

Main Article Content

Toufic Ishaya El-Khoury


This article explores the question of evil and its metaphysical and moral implications in a series of animated movie adaptations of the DC Universe produced since 2006.
The contemporary evolution of the medium, called the “Iron Age of comics”, has seen the auto-reflexive nature of comics produce problems and themes related to the main question discussed in Christian theodicy: how can we perceive and define the possibility of evil in a world where God’s omnipotence should have eliminated such a possibility? Moreover, why does evil seem to spread indefinitely in spite of all the efforts deployed by superheroes to stop evil? We will discuss the problem of evil as a natural narrative topic in light of comics’ mythological and religious roots and with a particular study case: DC Comics Multiverse as an illustration of Leibniz’s “best of all possible worlds” argument.

Article Details

Articles - CfP topic
Author Biography

Toufic Ishaya El-Khoury, Université Saint-Joseph, Beirut. Académie Libanaise des Beaux-Arts, Beirut.

Lecturer at Université Saint-Joseph, Beirut.

Lecturer and coordinator at Académie Libanaise des Beaux-Arts, Beirut.